Types of Essays
For academic success, students must be able to write different types of essays competently. This task is common to all students in every college and university. It is a part of the standard testing and is compulsory for admission to university. Often, high test results can be achieved by selecting the right type of essay. Obviously, students must not get confused in the variety of writings.
There are over a dozen different types of essays, so you can be confused very easily. However, essentially, there are just four basic types of essays with different variations.
Definition of essay type depends on what intention the author has. The main writers’ goals are telling about personal experience, explanation of particular problem, description of something or convincing the reader to accept writer’s opinion. The main types of essays are:
In an essay of this kind, the author tells about his own experience. While telling the story may seem an easy task, many students can face difficulties with writing about themselves, so many people like to write other essay types. When writing an essay of this kind, the author has to make the essay so bright and exciting as it is possible, in order to attract readers. Often, the reader may be interested in the narrative essay written in first person. “I” sentences help the reader to feel like he is a participant of the story.
- Descriptive Essays: describing something
When talking about different types of essays, it is important to mention a descriptive essay. A writer can describe a person, object, place or feeling in a special way. However, the main purpose of this kind of essay is not just a description. In a descriptive essay, the author tries to convey a deeper meaning through the description. He should not tell but show something, using sensory details and colorful words. The best descriptive essays, unlike the examples of analytical writing, appeal to reader’s emotions, and remain in his memory for a long time.
- Expository Essays: telling strict facts
This type of essay is an informative writing, which contains a deep analysis of the topic. This can be, for example, chronological writing, where the writer defines the subject, using statistics and facts. The expository writing covers many different variations of essays. The most common among them are the “how to” or process essay, the cause and effect essay, compare and contrast writing. Since in this form of essays facts and not one’s emotions are the basis of writing, writers do not describe their own feelings and avoid writing in first person.
The task of essay of this kind is to convince the reader to accept writer’s point of view about something. This is one of the most difficult tasks, because to get a quality persuasive essay, unless the situation with descriptive writing, student has to use logic and facts, as well as experts’ opinions and examples. You will have to present each side of the argument and be able to explain why the chosen assumption is correct.
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